How to prepare for an Emergency

An emergency kit should contain items necessary for you and your family to survive for at least 72 hours following a disaster. The key is to make sure that your emergency kit is organized, easy to find and portable, in case you need to evacuate. Think of ways to pack your emergency kit so that you, and those on your emergency plan, can take it with you.

Basic emergency kit items:

  • Water: 2 litres of water per person, per day. Include smaller bottles that are easy to carry.
  • Food: Items that won’t spoil, such as canned foods, energy bars and dried food. Remember to replace food and water annually.
  • Manual can opener
  • Flashlight and batteries
  • Battery powered or wind-up radio
  • Extra batteries
  • First aid kit
  • Extra keys for your vehicle and house
  • Cash: include smaller bills such as $10 bills, change for payphones and travellers’ cheques can be useful also.
  • Special needs items: Such as medications, infant formula or equipment for people in your family with special needs.
  • Emergency Plan: Include a copy of it and ensure it contains in-town and out-of-town contact information.

Additional emergency supplies:

  • Two additional litres of water per person per day, for cooking and cleaning.
  • Candles and matches or a lighter: place these in sturdy containers and do not burn unattended.
  • A change of clothing and footwear for each household member.
  • Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each family member.
  • Toiletries
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Toilet paper
  • Utensils
  • Garbage bags
  • Household chlorine bleach or water purifying tablets
  • Basic tools: hammer, screwdriver, wrench, pliers, work gloves, pocket knife.
  • Small fuel-operated stove and fuel.
  • Whistle to atract attention
  • Duct tape.

If you have a vehicle, prepare an emergency car kit and keep it in the vehicle.

The basic car kit should include the following items:

  • Food that won’t spoil such as energy bars.
  • Water in plastic bottles so they won’t break if frozen. Replace every six months.
  • Blanket
  • Extra clothing and shoes
  • First Aid Kit, with a seatbelt cutter.
  • Small shovel, scraper and snowbrush.
  • Candle, in a deep can, and matches.
  • Wind-up flashlight
  • Whistle, in case you need to attract attention
  • Roadmaps
  • Copy of your emergency plan and personal documents

Also keep these items in your trunk:

  • Sand, salt or non-clumping cat litter.
  • Anti-freeze/windshield washer fluid.
  • Tow rope
  • Booster cables
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Warning light or road flares.